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‘Mammy’ Protester Charged With Assault

by ARLnow.com — April 30, 2012 at 9:52 am 3,171 68 Comments

(Updated at 10:20 a.m.) The woman accused of disrupting a children’s dance performance last spring is facing new charges.

Jackie Carter was in court on Friday for an arraignment on an assault charge. Prosecutors say they dropped the original disorderly conduct charge against her after determining that assault, also a Class 1 misdemeanor, was the “more appropriate charge.”

As we reported in January, Carter was charged with disorderly conduct following an incident on April 30, 2011, in which she booed a Bowen McCauley Dance Company performance at Kenmore Middle School.

The performance, which featured live music by a Kenmore Middle School band, included a dance number that Carter said she found to be “racist and offensive to African-Americans and African American women especially.”

“The skit involved a white child and her black mamee singing and dancing together to the song ‘Lil Rabbit where’s Ya Mamee,’” Carter wrote in a lengthy blog post. “The Mamee scene was a celebration of the many black women, enslaved and used as wet-nurses and the many other unspeakable crimes committed against their enslaved minds, souls and bodies.”

Carter said that during her protest she got into a physical confrontation with Arlington County Board member Mary Hynes and four other Bowen-McCauley staff members. The charge against her, however, accuses Carter of assaulting Jaime Areizaga-Soto, who was running for state Senate at the time of the incident.

Prosecutors were not able to release any additional details about the alleged assault. Carter’s trial date is set for June 29.

  • Hattie McDaniel

    I’m glad I wasn’t there.

    • Mindermast

      Since you’ve been dead for 60 years that would have been quite a feat (I guess there are not many film buffs on this forum).

  • oh for ….

    “The skit involved a white child and her black mamee singing and dancing together to the song ‘Lil Rabbit where’s Ya Mamee”

    No, it didn’t. Period. I was there. Were you? Does ArlNow make it a habit of just repeating their own stories instead of doing some investigative journalism? Get off your chairs.

    • WeiQiang5

      OK, so how about an eyewitness account?

    • Justin Russo

      You do realize ARLNow is quoting the alleged assailant, right?

      • oh for ….

        Sure do. But instead of associating the dance company with racism why not get a comment from them? Or maybe go to their web site like I just did and where I found a statement about this very incident.

        http://www.bmdc.org/special_statement

        • BrianKal

          While yes they should have gotten a statement from the dance company .. they do clearly put what the crazy lady wrote in quotes, making it her words, not theirs

          • Greg

            It does leave the reader with the impression that the quote accurately describes the dance. Sitting here now I still have no idea what the dance was if it isn’t what is described in that quote.

          • yep

            Not having been there, I was left with the impression that the dance *was* as described, because the description was not contradicted.

          • Loocy

            No, the child was dancing with a large person in a bunny costume.

  • Roger Sterling

    Hey, sounds like a fun night to me! I bet there were hot single moms there. Or bored married ones. I get a few Manhattans in me, I’ll take either.

    • NovaB

      So other comments get deleted, and this allowed? We have asked many times –with still no answer– what is ARLNow comment policy?>

      • Uh

        Someone is sarcasm-deprived. And/or doesn’t watch Mad Men.

        (Sterling on the show once did a song in blackface.)

  • Rational Person

    A google of the lyrics shows they are written in an antiquated African American dialect, as many spirituals are. At first that sounds horrible. But then you think wait–what about Swing Low, Sweet Chariot? Are we going to say that’s offensive now? “Comin’ for to carry me home”–? Sounds like dialect to me.

    I guess they could’ve changed “mammy” to “mommy”–but then it wouldn’t rhyme with “Alabammy.” But then they coulda changed it to “Where’s your Mommy? Goin’ home to Punxatawney.”

    • But that’s not what it is

      It is written in the current dialect at the time, but it’s not an African American spiritual. It’s a mountain folk song! Likely written and sung by white people in the hills. The dialect reflect their level of education (zero) but it wasn’t an AA spiritual to begin with (even if it ever turned into one, though I don’t believe that’s the case either).

      • Rational Person

        So Appalachian mountain people use the word “mammy”? That doesn’t sound right to me.

        • mick way

          Yep.

          ‘Lil Abner?

          Mammy and Pappy Yokum?

          • drax

            Learning Appalachian culture from L’il Abner is like learning about medicine by watching Grey’s Anatomy.

          • Popular Mechanics

            They both will give you a superficial overview of their respective subjects.

        • Wikipedia

          “Mammy” is a variant of “mama” used in several English dialects, including Hiberno-English used in Ireland.

      • NoVapologist

        What does Alcoholics Anonymous have to do with all this?

    • Loocy

      Appalachian folk music has Celtic origins. The historic Appalachian folk people came from Ireland, Scotland, and Wales. Appalachian music has quite recognizable influences from those areas, as well as their language. “Mamee” is a word for mother. Those of you who grew up listening to Burl Ives: think of the song “Grey Goose” when he sings that “the goslings are crying, ’cause their mamee’s dead”. “Mamee” is the applachian word for mother, it has nothing to do with slavery. Yes, some artists have changed the word to “mama” to avoid any controversy, but I commend Bown McCauley for leaving the song the way it was sung in Appalachia.

  • KalashniKEV

    I guess my post got edited for purity, but the point was that you can view anything through a racial lens and find “outrage” if you look hard enough.

    • drax

      Often true. But that doesn’t mean that some things aren’t actually outrageously racist.

      That said, I don’t think this song should be considered offensive. And I don’t think we can just whitewash history either.

    • Lee-n-Glebe

      Yes – racism, and offensive holding.

      • James Harrison

        *ESPECIALLY* the offensive holding part. Every. single. freakin. play.

    • G Clifford Prout (now moderated for extra purity)

      No, I’m now on the staight and narrow when it comes to purity.

      • LGBT

        I’m offended you use the term ‘straight’.

        • Me too

          I’m offended he called it narrow…

          • G Clifford Prout (now moderated for extra purity)

            It is neither if you really want to know.

          • LGBT

            Ok, now I’m not offended, I am interested.

  • South 9th Street

    There has got to be a movie of this going down somewhere!
    Did anybody attending record this? Post it please.
    The camera does not lie.

  • MC 703
  • Ballstonian

    Was there a reason the (alleged) assailant was at this production, i.e., had a child performing, loved the arts, etc., and was offended and reacted as she (purportedly) did? Or was she there specifically to protest due to advanced notice of this performance and (allegedly) acted as she did (or planned to)?

    • Ballstonian

      Looks like the answer is both. She has a daughter at Kenmore, went to an earlier performance, booed, and then came to this performance to protest.

      • John Fontain

        The daughter must be mortified at her mom.

        • Joan Fountain

          You mean her mammy.

  • HughJassPhD

    I guess now would not be a good time to do my interpretative dance of Huck Finn?

  • Thes

    This has been dragging on more than a year, it seems. I wonder if there is some kind of statute of limitations that will eventually apply here.

    • Not a Lawyer

      She has already been charged. This has nothing to do with SOL

      SOL applies to the time between the incident and being charged.

      • Thes

        But… it appears she was charged — with assault — just last week. In fact, the first sentence of this article uses the phrase “new charges”. Can the police keep bringing more and more charges indefinitely?

        • But on tv…

          If you watch tv it shows that a charge can be changed during a plea bargaining too, is that true? In which case they’d have to wait until they’re closer to trial to likely start those conversations? I have no idea, I just watch SVU. Ha!

          • drax

            Learning about the legal system by watching TV is like learning about Appalachian dialects by reading L’il Abner.

  • Josh S

    Great. Now I’m gonna have Swannee River stuck in my head the rest of the day.

  • j

    This thread of stupid comments and tangential arguments makes me want to go back to work. C ya ArlNow.

  • http://purple.com/purple.html Captain Pup McPuppo

    she’s a babe!!

  • Always Right

    I think if they investigate Jackie a little further, they will find she likes to use the racism accusation for attention.

  • Dumb

    I think that anyone exhibiting a modicum of common sense would have ruled out the performance of that particular song due to the potential for causing “misunderstandings”.

    Grade school performances shouldn’t tread a fine line on this….

    • maybe

      But aren’t we past all of this “misunderstanding” by now??? I doubt the grade schoolers gave it a second thought until this woman erupted in their midst.

      • Dumb

        “But aren’t we past all of this “misunderstanding” by now???”

        I would say that this whole episode is pretty strong evidence that we aren’t …..

        • maybe

          Sure, this woman isn’t, and maybe you aren’t. I think a majority of us are.

    • drax

      This incident is exactly why they SHOULD tread the “fine line.” We don’t want ignorant students who can’t handle nuance or question false histories.

      • sunflower

        do you think the kids knew why they were being booed?

  • Fiddler

    This song has nothing to do with the antebellum south or slavery. For what it’s worth, the verse questioning “where’s your mamee” is followed by a verse questioning “where’s your pappy.” It is an Appalachian song about a lost baby rabbit. The adult in the performance was wearing a rabbit costume. Appalachian music has roots in Celtic music, as Appalachia was settled mostly by Scotch, Irish, Welsh, and English immigrants, and its relative isolation led to development of a distinct musical style. This song, like much Appalachian music, is based on a Celtic folk song.

    The use of the word “mamee” for mother is common in Appalachian music. “Little Rabbit” is a fairly popular tune in the bluegrass world, but another tune with Appalachian roots with which people may be more familiar is “Go tell Aunt Rhody”. One of the verses is … “the goslings are crying, ’cause their mamee’s dead.” With the gander also crying for his wife, it is very clear that the “mamee” is the mother of the goslings.The song is NOT about slavery, and to claim otherwise is ignoring everything we know about this well-studied Appalachian song, and all this faux outrage is insulting to those of us with Appalachian heritage.

    • drax

      She doesn’t seem upset by the song as much as the situations – a black mammy and white child singing, etc. That’s what seems to have set her off.

      • Fiddler

        But it wasn’t a “mammy”. It was a person in a bunny costume, not a “mammy” outfit. I could see the outrage if she was in kerchiefs a la Hattie McDaniel, but it was a bunny rabbit.

        • drax

          I didn’t say she had a case.

        • Hattie McDaniel

          Watch it…

    • Snap Judgment

      She was likely protesting the lack of respect to the Appalachian heritage.

  • ArlingtonWay

    Case or not, what kind of adult disrupts a performance by ten year old kids? Or boos children appearing on stage in front of their parents and peers? She’s a nut who succeeded in undermining any case she might have actually had.

  • jacsa

    It is now illegal to boo in Arington! Wow! Where is freedom of speech?

    • drax

      You’re lucky it’s legal to make a fool of yourself on a message board by not bothering to read the article you’re responding to. Very lucky.

  • True

    If you had read the artice you would see that she assaulted several people. But yes, it is illegal to disrupt a public event and refuse to stop.

  • Ms. Carter

    Posted at 04:55 PM ET, 10/29/2012 TheRootDC Washington Post op ed
    Desegregating Arlington schools By Fred Millar
    On Thursday, school officials in Arlington County will kick off a five-month public discussion about how to redraw the district’s school boundaries. The system decided to build two new schools and expand four others to address unanticipated overcrowding, and to prepare for this, the boundaries must be redrawn.
    The boundary-drawing process, arguably the most important decisions school boards make regarding the allocation of educational resources, could be an opportunity to fundamentally reshape how boys and girls of different races, ethnicities and class backgrounds learn together.

    Instead, the school board appears ready to reaffirm the very boundary policies that have lead to longtime gross socio-economic isolation, as recommendations before the board hardly differ from existing policy. It’s a process that also allows the schools with the highest concentration of white students — all in wealthier North Arlington — to play a dominant role in the earliest-needed boundary decisions.

    Like school districts nation wide, Arlington has many schools that are increasingly segregated by race and class, according to federal and local data. For example, Carlin Springs Elementary School in South Arlington — the part of the county where many immigrants and moderate income families live — has more poor students than all nine North Arlington elementary schools combined. Nottingham Elementary School has 85 percent white students, while Carlin Springs has 4 percent. Williamsburg Middle School and Yorktown High School in North Arlington have 92 percent and 65 percent white students, respectively, while South Arlington’s Kenmore Middle School is 23 percent white and Wakefield High School is 17 percent white. This racial segregation has increased between 1998 and 2010.
    These students — many who are poor, many who are minority, some who are both — are attending schools which are racially and economically isolated because of school district policy. Existing school attendance boundary lines prevent the vast majority of students living inside one zone from attending schools outside their district. Instead, Arlington school zones are designed heavily to favor “neighborhood schools”.
    But this policy reinforces the patterns of residential socioeconomic segregation rather than seeking diversity independent of those housing patterns.
    This racial and socioeconomic school isolation has massive and lastingimpacts on student achievement. Social science research has consistently found that what works for student achievement is not throwing money at high-poverty schools, but integration.
    Indeed, the major in-school factor that affects student achievement is who your classmates are. This is not a racial or economic bias judgment: Every child can learn, but students learn from their peers. And in schools with high-achieving classmates, their high-income parents will ensure that the curricula, climate and parental participation are at high levels.
    The United States’ civil rights community has promoted socio-economic integration of schools as the key way forward to closing student achievement gaps. In addition, these leaders assert that focusing entirely on less effective “supplemental resources” for high-poverty and high-minority schools — such Montgomery County public schools’ program to add $2,000 per student per year to the lowest-achieving schools in the “red zone” — have been extensively tried and is futile. Tacked on programs, such as college tours and after-school meetings for minority students, mean school leaders are still trying to live with segregation.
    But Arlington public schools have shown they know how to achieve diversity in a limited way, For the Spanish immersion programs at Key and Claremont elementary schools, school officials deliberately clustered some neighborhoods from North Arlington with some from South Arlington on the east and on the west sides of the county, so both groups could learn the desired language from their peers.
    This underscores that parents and school officials know the value of educational integration. But this limited exception proves the rule: Arlington’s policies are designed to be segregative.
    Those of us valuing equal opportunity should insist that starting now, Arlington schools should adopt a policy that no school should have a student diversity profile that varies more than plus or minus 10 percent from the overall diversity profile for the countywide student population.
    This would not mean that to achieve significant degree of educationally beneficial diversity, a county school diversity standard would need to require absolutely equal diversity. For example, at Carlin Springs Elementary, the concentration of students on free and reduced lunch might be lowered from the roughly 85 percent to perhaps about 40 percent — still 10 percentage points more than the countywide average of 30 percent.
    Meanwhile, at Nottingham Elementary, the percentage of free and reduced lunch students might be increased from roughly 2 percent to perhaps 20 percent, which is still 10 percentage points less than the county-wide average of 30 percent. Racial diversity calculations might also be used to fine-tune these low-income calculations.
    Indeed, with expert help, some citizens have begun drawing sophisticated maps socio-economically clustering Arlington neighborhoods using census data. Now we need detailed data from the school officials on student locations, which, so far, school officials have refused and are likely to provide only after some public pressure.
    The most important educational resource the local school district allocates with its decisions, fairly or unfairly, is its high-achieving students. If Arlington school leaders continue to draw boundaries isolating high-achieving students into racially and economically isolated wealthy “neighborhood schools,” it is denying its most crucial educational resource to poor and minority kids.
    And white students are the most racially isolated of all student groups in the United States, thus are denied the benefits of diversity, which many citizens of all races recognize as critical for personal and economic well-being in a global economy.
    In short, 20 years of civic silence is long enough on the issue of socioeconomically isolated schools in wealthy, compact Arlington. The school board needs to show a modern-era leadership in not just talking about the value of diversity, but walking the walk, with boundary policies and boundary decisions that (as with the Spanish immersion programs) mix students in diverse schools which will deliver excellent educational opportunities and achievement for all.
    Fred Millar, a resident of Arlington County is an educational sociologist and a member of the Arlington Public Schools Superintendent’s Advisory Committee on Eliminating the Achievement Gap and the Citizens Advisory Committee on English for Speakers of Other Languages and High Intensity Language Training. http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/therootdc/post/de-segregating-arlington-schools/2012/10/29/d1530fe2-2085-11e2-afca-58c2f5789c5d_blog.html

  • Ms. Carter

    P A R E N T W A T C H, I N C. 1000 Mt. Olivet Road, N.E. Washington, D.C. 20001 202-882-4645 202-576-8386
    FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE
    DeRutter Jones
    202-717-0409
    PARENTS PRESS TO ERADICATE INSTITUTIONAL RACISM IN ARLINGTON’S LOCAL GOVERNMENT AND PUBLIC SCHOOL SYESTEM
    ARLINGTON, Va. March 1, 2012. In defiance of the 1954 United States Supreme Court order to desegregate the nation’s schools, Arlington County chained school house doors shut to keep African-American children from attending classes. The state of Virginia threatened to defund any Virginia school that integrated. Obstinate whites created “Massive Resistance” committees and barred public school doors.
    Moreover, Carter, an African-American Arlington citizen and parent, states that while the high court decision was helpful it failed to address institutional racism as it relates to the hiring of African American Superintendents, Assistant Superintendents, Principals, Counselors and Teachers. African American students were admitted into the public school system, but, not African American educators and administrators. Evidence shows that in its public schools and in the county government institutional racism remains alive and well as African American administrators and teachers are either not presented, under represented, or the last ones hired and the first ones fired.
    “Today, Arlington County government and the Arlington County Public School System have resurrected a new system to resist”, says Carter, “however, it is still coached in institutional racism and called the new Jim Crow Massive Resistance and aimed exclusively at African American men and boys.
    Arlington educators Dr. Robert Smith, Dr. Alvin Crawley, Palma Strand, and Cheryl Robinson admit in their recently published book Gaining on the Gap, “Institutional racism encompasses racial disparities that result from institutional structures and operations.” Continuing, they report racism“…is entrenched, intractable, and not easily eradicated…Tackling institutional racism [in Arlington] means taking responsibility and looking for solutions as a system.”
    “The Arlington County Public School officials promote a very expensive enterprise entitled “Cultural Competence”, says Carter. Cheryl Robinson, Coordinator of the Minority Achievement Office for Arlington County Public Schools, coordinator of the cultural competence training session for teachers, reports the program costs Arlington $100,000 annually, and has as its primary focus training predominately white female teachers to be sensitive to the needs of black and brown students – a new Jim Crow Massive Resistance policy.
    White teachers in the ACPS system have gotten cultural competence training for 3 years. Meanwhile, African American children, especially the young males, continue to be forced into special education and drugged. Three years at $100,000 per year is a lot of money to continue to pour into a game that is not effective. It seems apparent Caucasians charged with providing critical instruction to all Arlington youngsters, despite receiving cultural competence training, are still failing black and brown students.
    This would seem to indicate that the stated purposes of the cultural sensitivity training have been superseded or compromised by an adherence to earlier prejudices, in other words a form of the new Jim Crow massive resistance blowback. In this de facto resistance policy, cultural competency becomes a cynical game, in which, among other things, Arlington County Public school official dies-serve African-American students, an under-hire African American teachers, guranteeing that the achievement gap will never be eliminated.
    So a pattern prevails in which Arlington public school officials continue to spend hundred s of thousands of dollars on white female teachers who should already have learned while attending college how to educate children.
    JACKIE Carter notes that every African American parent she has talked to, who has a son, complains of their boys being under attacked in the Arlington County Public School System. Chiefly they lament that “They want me to put my child on drugs and place him in special education.” The parents also complain that there are very few African American teachers hired into the school system working with our children.
    “I met my son when he was 9 years old”, states Carter. He was in special education and had been on the drug adderoll, a medication for people with multiple personalities, since kindergarten. After a year of fighting schools officials to get him off the drug, and trying to convince officials to remove mentally retarded and emotionally disturbed from his IEP, I was successful. In spite of his success it has been impossible to get him out of special education, where he remains to this day.
    Arlington County teachers report that when the county hires African American teachers qualified to teach core subjects, the county certifies them in special education. So, the teachers as well as students are stuck in the special education quagmire.
    Community members and parents attempting to acquire the data needed to develop and support change complain that the data is virtually impossible to acquire. James Smith, member of the Superintendents Committee for Eliminating the Achievement Gap in Arlington County, personally submitted a FOIA request to obtain data on African American students, but reported no success. “I have a son in special education in the ACPS system,” Smith says. ”School officials are constantly asking me to medicate my son. I refuse to place my son on drugs”, says Smith.
    Carter also submitted a FOIA request to Linda Erdos, Assistant Superintendent for Schools and Community Relations. “I requested, from Ms. Erdos office, a list of teachers by race, gender and subjects they teach. “After a two and half week wait for the report I received the report, but, Carter says, the report was 8 years old. Anger at my request was demonstrated by School Board elected official Abbey Raphael. “Ms. Raphael was hostile and aggressive, towards me” says Carter. After securing the report for me from Ms. Erdos, in retaliation Ms. Raphael, heated and hostile, ordered me out of the School Board office, and ordered me to pay $35.60 for the report. This is the Arlington way; states Carter, to release out-date information and retaliate against African American parents who advocate for African American students”.
    The result of this new form of Jim Crow Massive Resistance, hide the data or release old data, is that in the Arlington County Public School System
    • Black students are disproportionately over represented in suspensions since reporting started in 1999 – 2012.
    • Black students represented 34% of the suspension, and 33% of out-of-school suspensions, while comprising 11% of the population.
    From 2007 to 2010 Kenmore Middle school suspended at a rate of 124.1% its African American and Native American students from the school. When inquiry was made about the Native American student population parents were told by the schools’ officials that “There are no Native American students those are the black kids.” However, those classified as Native Americans are suspended at a rate equal to that of African American students. The FOIA requests submitted in 2010, requesting data on the number of Native American students in the school to date has received no response, “They have been completely quiet”, Carter reports.
    This conforms to a lamentable regional and national pattern. In 2007 eight families in Ardmore, Pennsylvania filed a civil suit against the Lower Merion School District claiming that Black students were disproportionately placed in special education and low-level classes. A year prior, Educational Researcher, Dr. Wanda J. Blanchett, Child Psychologist, published a 4 page report arguing race is a factor when placing Black students in special education classes. The findings of this study, in tandem with a pending civil suit against Lower Merion School District, illustrate why parents (and the African American community) must be vigilant in their child’s education. Parents need to also be advocates for their children to keep this sort of wrongful categorization from happening and place themselves on the necessary committees to stop it in its tracks.
    Drew Elementary School, located in the historically African American Nauck community established in the late 1800s by African Americans, is currently under seige by its white citizens. White citizens are attempting to convert Drew ES into a Montessori school, and bus community African American students, who would normally walk to school, to a school five miles away, reports civic association members.
    Consequently, under the new Jim Crow Massive Resistance, Arlington County has elevated and widened the achievement gap by stacking schools attended by the highest percent of African American students, with:
    • special education teachers starting as early as Pre-K and kindergarten,
    • culturally insensitive white female teachers,
    • attempting to bus African American students out of their communities.
    Additionally, statistical and anecdotal reports establish that, clearly, even after programs and initiatives to redress the problem, certain key, influential Arlington whites, Carter maintains, are on a new Jim Crow “Massive Resistance” mission to disenfranchise, under educate, harass, and remove African-American children from the general population, and simultaneously neutralize the careers of African-Americans teachers, hence, reaching, what the pattern indicates as their ultimate goal of eliminating the African American professional presence and drowning out the voice of African Americans in the County all together – except in menial positions such as day-care providers, secretaries, meter maids and restaurant workers.
    For example, from 2009 to 2011 Kenmore Middle School fired the only male African American Administrative Assistant, the one African American female dance teacher, harassed the African American band teacher into resignation, and demoted the male African American theater arts teacher, who is currently sitting in a closet in the Syphax Center, in hot pursuit of being fired. All indicators point to the crime committed by these teachers was supporting African American students. However, the white female teacher, who threw a book at an African American student and called the student stupid, is still gainfully employed at the school.
    Pointedly, the racial composition of employees in the Arlington County governing County Board office is all white, no blacks, not even the receptionist, Carter reports.
    One employee, who was born and bred in Arlington observes, “Our job descriptions are re-written or downgraded, and then the county hires white females to fill the job of the newly created job description without offering the current incumbent first right refusal or an opportunity to apply for the newly created position that was once a part of their job.”
    Another African American, life long resident and professional, reports that “I passed the phone interview and was granted an in-person interview. However, when I arrived and they saw that I am black, the Director, a white female, wouldn’t even shake my hand. I knew I would not get the job, even though I am highly qualified; and the end result was that I did not get the job”.
    Ironically, in its 2010/2011 affirmative action plan Arlington boast of its diversity in employment. However, African-American men who have been working in the “Yard” , the County’s all-purpose sanitation and vehicle storage facility, for 20 years plus, find it impossible to receive promotions. White males and females are recruited from outside the county and hired as supervisors, directors and managers, above African American men qualified to receive these promotions.
    The “Arlington Way” a new form of Jim Crow “Massive Resistance” is to not hire African American men, especially African American men, and women in positions such as County Lawyers, Executive Directors, Administrators, Core Teachers, Superintendent, Assistant Superintendents, Principals and Counselors into the county’s government and school system. The county consistently meets its affirmative action goal by hiring white females, almost exclusively.
    We intend to encounter Arlington’s new Jim Crow Massive Resistance first by meeting with Superintendent Dr. Patrick Murphy to lay out a plan to recruit more African Americans into professional jobs in its public school system and government; and to present a plan to inform employees and parents how to join committees where decision making take place. We are currently organizing several protests at Drew ES to resist converting the school into a Montessori school and busing African American students out of their community. Finally, we have started a chapter of Al Sharpton’s National Action Network in Arlington to begin to challenge, in court, the legality of the County Board’s Affirmative Action policies.

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